Porous Paving (Foot Traffic)

This product is best suited for areas with foot traffic such as pathways, courtyards, entertaining areas and pool surrounds. As part of Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) porous paving can reduce surface run off and improve the health of surrounding trees and natural features. It provides an environmentally beneficial paving solution for urban landscapes, especially compared to traditional hard surfaces such as concrete.

WSUD  is a contemporary land planning and engineering design approach. It acknowledges that the water cycle in urban areas is more complex than just being an inconvenience to be simply drained into the nearest downstream body of water (usually rivers, bays, harbours or the ocean). The approach takes into account stormwater, groundwater, wastewater management, and water supply. It seeks to minimise pollution and reduce environmental degradation.

Problems that WSUD seek to reduce include Urban Stream Syndrome (USS). This occurs where the over abundance of water control measures in urban environments (such as in traditional concrete stormwater drainage and concrete – or non-porous – paving) tend to concentrate pollutants and sediments into downstream bodies of water, and that this can have dire consequences on local ecology.

What our products do is provide a hard surface that is usable for familiar types of foot traffic, but the porosity of the surface allows water, pollutants and sediments of everyday life to seep into the soil where they can become part of the natural cycle of breaking down over time, thus keeping waterways cleaner.

Full Spec systems are fully compliant with WSUD methodologies.

General Specifications for Porous Paving (Foot Traffic)

  • Movement joints should be allowed for every 20m and to reflect any on the surface below.
  • Joints should also be used when overlaying different types and ages of surfaces.
  • Cracks should be broken out if necessary and filled with a polymer/cement crack filling material.
  • Loose tiles or pavers should be removed or secured prior to Full Spec installation.
  • Areas that may be trafficked by heavy vehicles should have structural layers designed according to Australian standards.
  • The maximum deviation of the base should not exceed 10mm under a 3m straight edge.
  • Flow rates through StoneSet can reach 103ltrs/m2/second.
  • Base preparation may need to vary depending on required porosity rates beneath the StoneSet layer and all non-porous surfaces should be installed to required falls.
  • The StoneSet layer cannot be used to direct the flow of water.
  • Any new concrete should be allowed to fully cure. This is usually a period of 7 days depending on the mpa rating used.
  • StoneSet can withstand heavy vehicular traffic such as delivery trucks with prior consultation.
  • The thickness of the sub-base layer required is dependent on sub-grade soil conditions.
  • Total sub-base thickness will be dictated by expected loading and subgrade strength.
  • Attention should be given when clay rich soils are present.
  • If plastic or silty sub grade is present, then a capping layer should be used in accordance with Australian standards.
  • Expansion foam may be required along the edge if the area is enclosed between two concrete walls.
  • This specification is based on normal good practice for surfacing and does not absolve the specifier from designing a construction suitable for the expected traffic and ground conditions pertaining on a given site.
  • The detail in this specification are intended only as a guide in specifying StoneSet products, actual designs should be developed by the project designers considering the specific circumstances of the intended application.
  • Full Spec assumes no responsibility for improper reliance upon or misuse of the data herein. Product design and specification are subject to change without further notice.

Porous Paving (Vehicular Traffic)

Heavy traffic porous paving is a very different animal to its light traffic cousin. The overall intention of having an environmentally aware hard surface that is hard wearing and strong is the same, but that is where the similarity ends.

The difference required with the greater weight of regular or occasional vehicular traffic is demonstrated in the complexity of the specification. The natural tendency of a hard surface that bears a high continual load is to become more compacted over time, which ordinarily might mean that the main purpose of porous paving (to allow water to seep through to the earth) may become negated as the layers become compressed.

 

Our specification is specifically engineered to counter that natural tendency with over 5 discrete layers.

The other main issue is to ensure that car tyres and the like don’t dislodge the surface, spreading debris and slowly eroding the surface. Once again, we have specific measures in place to ensure the longevity of a hard, porous surface without loosening the surface .

This specification is perfect for areas where both regular and occasional vehicular traffic is expected such as driveways, emergency vehicle access areas, city centres and courtyards.

General Specifications for Porous Paving (Foot Traffic)

Movement joints should be allowed for every 10m and to reflect any on the surface below. Joints should also be used when overlaying different types and ages of surfaces. Cracks should be broken out if necessary and filled with a polymer/cement crack filling material. Areas that may be trafficked by heavy vehicles should have structural layers designed according to Australian standards. The maximum deviation of the base should not exceed 10mm under a 3m straight edge. Flow rates through Full Spec can reach103ltrs/m2/ second. Base preparation may need to vary depending on the required porosity rates beneath the Full Spec layer. The Stone Set layer cannot be used to direct the flow of water. Full Spec can withstand heavy vehicular traffic such as delivery trucks with prior consultation. The thickness of the sub-base layer required is dependent on sub-grade soil conditions. Total sub-base thickness will be dictated by expected loading and sub-grade strength. Attention should be given when clay rich soils are present.  If plastic or silty sub-grade is present, then a capping layer should be used in accordance with Australian standards. When possible, base preparation should be completed a few week in advance of Full Spec to ensure all settling and compaction has occurred.

Expansion foam may be required along the edge if the area is enclosed between two concrete walls. This specification is based on normal good practice for surfacing and does not absolve the specifier from designing a construction suitable for the expected traffic and ground conditions pertaining on a given site. *DGB20 Densely Graded Base Course material with a normal size of 20mm. The detail in this specification are intended only as a guide in specifying Full Spec products, actual designs should be developed by the project designers considering the specific circumstances of the intended application. Full Spec assumes no responsibility for improper reliance upon or misuse of the data herein. Product design and specification are subject to change without further notice.

porous paving heavy traffic

Overlay Paving (Foot Traffic)

The purpose of overlay paving is to efficiently transform your existing surface with stunning, long lasting results and we have had many excellent results where old, worn and even cracked concrete has been completely revitalised with even a standard application.

Even better, the specification resists staining much better than concrete, is sound absorbent, and is completely non-slip.

 

This specification is for areas where both regular and occasional traffic is expected. It is perfect for driveways, pathways, balconies, emergency vehicle access areas, city centres, courtyards, schools, bridges and many more.

By reusing your existing surface you save time, money and waste. Even cracked damaged surfaces can be overlaid with our flexible resin bound stone with no loose stone or delaminating.

General Specifications for Porous Paving (Foot Traffic)

Movement joints should be allowed for every 20m and to reflect any on the surface below. Joints should also be used when overlaying different types and ages of surfaces. Cracks should be broken out if necessary and filled with a polymer/cement crack filling material. Loose tiles or pavers should be removed or secured prior to Full Spec installation. Areas that may be trafficked by heavy vehicles should have structural layers designed according to Australian standards. The maximum deviation of the base should not exceed 10mm under a 3m straight edge. Flow rates through StoneSet can reach 103ltrs/m2/second. Base preparation may need to vary depending on required porosity rates beneath the StoneSet layer. All non-porous surfaces should be installed to required falls. The Full Spec layer cannot be used to direct the flow of water. Any new concrete should be allowed to fully cure.  This is usually a period of 7 days depending on the mpa rating used. StoneSet can withstand heavy vehicular traffic such as delivery trucks with prior consultation.

The thickness of the sub-base layer required is dependent on sub-grade soil conditions. Total sub-base thickness will be dictated by expected loading and sub-grade strength. Attention should be given when clay rich soils are present. If plastic or silty sub-grade is present, then a capping layer should be used in accordance with Australian standards. Expansion foam may be required along the edge if the area is enclosed between two concrete walls. This specification is based on normal good practice for surfacing and does not absolve the specifier from designing a construction suitable for the expected traffic and ground conditions pertaining on a given site The details in this specification are intended only as a guide in specifying StoneSet products, actual designs should be developed by the project designers considering the specific circumstances of the intended application. Full Spec assumes no responsibility for improper reliance upon or misuse of the data herein. Product design and specification are subject to change without further notice.

FSA Overlay-Paving-1

Pathways

Creating beautiful stylish pathways are one of our most frequently utilised uses of porous paving. Full Spec pathways are highly recognisable with their great natural aesthetics, environmental benefits for nearby flora, seemless construction that is also friendly to prams and wheelchairs, and easy maintenance. For these reasons there have been many installations in hospitals, aged care facilities and schools.

  • Slip resistant 
  • Friendly to wheels
  • No trip hazards
  • Easy to maintain

Entertainment Areas

Entertainment areas are also a frequent use for Full Spec porous paving. The unique non-slip surface cleans easily, is resistant to stain, is trip-hazard free, and always looks fantastic. And of course there are the environmental benefits of allowing water and pollutants to sink through to the earth rather than be washed off into the water system (and ultimately being washed downstream into natural water ecosystems). Cement or tiles have very little benefit in comparison.

  • Stain resistant
  • No trip hazards
  • Easy to maintain
  • Trip-hazard free
  • Environmentally aware

Courtyards

Courtyards are another popular use for Full Spec Porous Paving (foot traffic) specifications. Apart from benefits such as aesthetics, ease of cleaning, and the environmental benefits, there is also the added bonus of sound absorption that a porous surface has over flat hard surfaces. Concrete and traditional tiling tend to reflect sound creating jarring echoes, where as porous paving tends to absorb the sound to some extent.

For the sound absorption qualities alone, Full Spec products have become very popular with internal areas, shopping centres and schools.

  • Easy to clean
  • High sound absorption
  • Free from Trip hazards
  • Environmental benefits
  • Aesthetic and stylish

Pool Surrounds

Pools have unique complexities when it comes to paving the area around them, and Full Spec porous paving has long been favoured for its non-slip, water absorbing, seemless and more natural look than traditional hard surfaces. The rounded pebbles, which are also soft on bare feet, are additionally resistant to fading either through chlorine or salt water pools.

  • Soft on bare feet
  • Slip resistant
  • Unaffected by chemicals such as Chlorine or salt
  • Seamless
  • Environmentally aware

Tree Surrounds

Apart from all the other uses that Full Spec products can be used for, one of the most common is its use in providing a hard, semi-flexible surface with which to surround the base of trees.

Full Spec have had great success installing our custom tree surround specification in city CBDs, and for innumerable councils.

The specification has a number of benefits including its very porosity which enables natural rain to water the base of the tree, allowing the soil to breath. Other great benefits include the the resistance to cracking as the tree grows (one of the big deficits in using concrete). With resistance to cracking comes a reduction in the in the creation of trip-hazards, which reduces the need for maintenance, which (ultimately) saves money.

  • Porous
  • Reduces maintenance
  • No Trip hazards
  • Flexible; crack resistant

General Specifications for Tree Surrounds

For established trees, the only preparation normally required is to remove enough existing aggregate to allow for the 30mm StoneSet layer. This will still need to be compacted lightly to ensure a smooth surface. For all new trees after the base has been installed it is ideal to allow 3 months of establishment before the StoneSet is installed to reduce the chance of sinkage. Tree trenches, areas around a tree greater than 2m form the trunk, will require greater compaction to allow for more frequent traffic depending on the requirements of the site. Flow rates through StoneSet can reach 103ltrs/m2/second. Base preparation may need to vary depending on required porosity rates beneath the StoneSet layer. The thickness of the sub-base layer required is dependent on sub-grade soil conditions. Total sub-base thickness will be dictated by expected loading and sub-grade strength.

 

Particular attention should be given when clay rich soils are present, If plastic or silty sub-grade is present, then a capping layer should be used in accordance with Australian standards. Structural soil should be specified to provide a hospitable environment to actively encourage tree roots down and therefore minimise potential damage to surrounding paving. This specification is based on normal good practice for porous surfacing and does not absolve the specifier from designing a construction suitable for the expected traffic and ground conditions pertaining on a given site. The details in this specification are intended only as a guide in specifying StoneSet products, actual designs should be developed by the project designers taking into account the specific circumstances of the intended application. Full Spec assumes no responsibility for improper reliance upon or misuse of the data herein. Product design and specification are subject to change without further notice.

Driveways

Full Spec porous paving for heavy traffic has been refined over many years so that we can provide a solution for almost any application. A good example of this is the types of blends we use for driveways. Using a number of separate layers, we can create a custom designed blend to suit your needs from a single suburban driveway to a large commercial car park.

Especially in areas where cars are parked there tends to be a higher amount of chemical residue from leaking engine oil, transmission fluid and the other various chemicals and pollutants associated with motorised transport.

In any setting, the ramifications on the water table and downstream ecology of using traditional hard surfaces such as concrete can be disastrous over time. Our products allow these chemicals and pollutants to sink into the earth, being absorbed and transformed over time into more harmless forms.

Driveways can also be coated with overlay pavings, providing a great addition to existing hard surfaces, giving new life to old, cracked, stained hard surfaces such as concrete and cement driveways and parking areas.

  • Hard wearing
  • Suitable for heavy traffic
  • Suitable for white line painting (car spaces)
  • Safe to clean with a pressure washer

Emergency Vehicular Access Areas

As with driveways and parking areas, the use of porous paving in emergency vehicle access areas comes with a number of benefits including customisable colouring, easy cleaning, non-slip and puddle-absorbing surfaces. Additionally, surfaces are appropriate for the inclusion of tactile studs and line markings.

Driveways can also be coated with overlay pavings, providing a great addition to existing hard surfaces, giving new life to old, cracked, stained hard surfaces such as concrete and cement driveways, and parking areas.

  • Non-slip
  • Suitable for heavy traffic
  • Suitable for White line painting & adhesion of tactile studs
  • Pressure washer safe

City Centres

Town squares and city centres provide excellent places for the installation of porous paving products. Especially in the modern era with the increase in environmental awareness, local governments are increasingly seeking solutions that are more friendly to the environment, provide great aesthetics, reduce sound reflection for internal spaces, and are easy to maintain

  • Environmentally friendly
  • great aesthetic qualities
  • reduction in sound reflection
  • easy maintenance

Balconies

Apartment balconies provide another use for Full Spec porous paving. The blends we use for this application create a simple non slip, easy cleaning surface that looks great, resists puddling and will last the life of the building, providing great investment value.

  • Non-slip
  • Easy to clean
  • Looks great
  • Resists puddling
  • Great for investment value

Schools

Both indoor and outdoor surfaces in schools can make good use of Full Spec porous paving. Non-slip, great long-lasting aesthetics that absorb rather than reflect the sound of a several hundred school kids talking and yelling at once!

We can revitalise tired courtyards, quadrangles and walkways using simple overlay pavings for existing facilities, or provide the full environmental benefits with porous pavings for the new.

  • non-slip
  • sound absorbent
  • revitalise tired areas
  • easy maintenance
  • kid friendly!

Bridges

Overlay paving creates great natural aesthetic for bridges. Especially at times of renovation or revitalisation of old or worn bridges, overlay paving creates a natural touch where cobblestones are impractical and concrete too bland.

  • Great aesthetics
  • Non-slip
  • good compromise between cobblestones and concrete; all the best benefits of both